A high-resolution 3D Doppler imaging tomography technique is allowing researchers from the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Stony Brook University to see the effects of cocaine on the brain. The neuroimaging technique provides evidence of how cocaine restricts the blood supply in vessels and small capillaries of the brain. The resulting cerebral microischemia can cause stroke in cocaine users according to the study, which was reported in the October 2012 issue of the journal Molecular Psychiatry.
Study Confirms Cocaine’s Effects on the Brain
The researchers administered doses of cocaine to rats that were proportionally the same as a typical human dose; they found that the drug inhibited cerebral blood flow (CBF) for varying lengths of time, and, in some cases, CBF was reduced by 70 percent. Recovery times also varied, and interruption in blood flow became more pronounced with repeated cocaine administration.
The researchers from Stony Brook University and the National Institute on Drug Abuse pointed out that the changes induced in the brain are likely contributing factors to the neurotoxic effects and neurological complications often experienced by cocaine users. Side effects of cocaine include facial paralysis, numbness, and sensory changes. In other words, cocaine’s effects on the brain are a direct result of this disrupted blood flow. Chronic cocaine exposure affects many other areas of the brain too; for example, research indicates that cocaine diminishes the user’s ability to adapt to negative consequences of drug use and decision-making.
Other neurological problems can also occur with long-term cocaine use, such as increased risk of stroke and seizures, as well as reports of bleeding within the brain and movement disorders, including Parkinson’s disease. Generally, studies suggest that a wide range of cognitive functions becoming impaired is one of the long-term effects of cocaine use – such as sustaining attention, impulse inhibition, memory, making decisions involving rewards or punishments, and performing motor tasks.
Scientists are utilizing new and emerging technology to see the damaging side effects of cocaine, some of which are irreversible. It also indicates that the memory of the cocaine experience or exposure to cues associated with drug use can trigger strong cravings, which can lead to relapse. The sooner the abuse of drugs like cocaine, methamphetamines, and alcohol stops, the better. Cocaine’s effects on the brain long term can be disastrous and irreversible.
Treatment for Cocaine Addiction at Northbound Treatment
Northbound Treatment Services offers cocaine and crack addiction treatment at its rehab treatment centers. We take a clinical and holistic approach to treatment, considering every patient’s mind, body and spirit. For more information about our philosophy and services, visit our admissions page.
The Beginning Stages of Treatment at Northbound
Once you enter into a treatment program, there are a number of things that need to occur prior to receiving any form of professional care. One of these things is conducting a professional and proper assessment. Orange County assessment for cocaine treatment includes of number of different things to ensure that during your cocaine addiction recovery, you are receiving the type of care best suited for your unique needs.
Therefore, you will work with a variety of different people at Northbound, including licensed clinicians and therapists who will provide clinical expertise, support and as our starting point, best-in-class detox in Orange County for cocaine treatment.